12 June, 2011

Das ist Berlin (This is Berlin) Part 4 - Remembrance

Hi all
I reached to the last part of describing my impressions from Berlin, and I would like to touch the sensitive topic of Berlin during 1933-1945.
This period casts a shade on Germany and specifically on Berlin. There are quite a few places that commemorate the Holocaust, most notable is the Holocaust Memorial on Behren street.

Alongside the state or other large organizations efforts to commemorate the Holocaust, there are some local and private initiatives. I'll describe two of them
Stumbling Stones
It all started in 1994 when the artist Gunter Demnig decided to install a Stumbling Stone as a memorial for a single victim of Nazism in Cologne. From that point on, ~30,000s of Stumbling Stone have been installed, ~3,000 in Berlin. Here are 4 stones located near to the hotel I was staying, containing the names and details of two Jewish families

"Places of Remembrance" in the Bavarian Quarter
The memorial "Places of Remembrance" consists of 80 street signs, presenting anti-Jewish laws and regulations under Nazi rule. The street signs are scattered all over the Bavarian Quarter, and in the main square there's a map of all of them

and here are some of the signs and a translation to English of what the relevant rule was

Jews must disclose their financial status, to "ensure the use of the assets in the interest of the German economy." 26-Apr-1938

All Driving and Car Licenses of Jews are not valid anymore and should be returend immediatly 3-Dec-1938

 Signs should be put in bakeries and pastry shops, indicating that the cakes are not sold to Jews and Poles. 14-Feb-1942

Jews may buy food in Berlin only from 4-5 pm. 4-Jul-1940
and the list goes on and on...

So, that's the end of my series of Berlin, I hope you enjoyed reading and viewing the photos

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